Our results suggest that many of the relict rock glaciers in central and eastern Austria were formed over a long period during the Lateglacial and Holocene period. Anderson E, Harrison S, Passmore DG,. Google Scholar Aoyama M Rock glaciers in the northern Japanese Alps: Palaeoenvironmental implications since the Late Glacial. Journal of Quaternary Science Google Scholar Ballantyne CK Periglacial trimlines in the Scottish Highlands.
Google Scholar CrossRef Ballantyne CK, Black NM, Finlay DP Enhanced boulder weathering under late-lying snow patches. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms Google Scholar CrossRef Barsch D Rockglaciers — Indicators for the Present and Former Geoecology in High Mountain Environments. Google Scholar Boelhouwers JC, Jager DF, Joode A Application of relative-age dating methods to openwork debris flow deposits in the Cederberg Mountains, Western Cape, South Africa, South African Geographical Journal 8 3: Google Scholar Day MJ, Goudie AS Field assessment of rock hardness using the Schmidt hammer.
British Geomorphological Research Group, Technical Bulletin Google Scholar Ericson K Geomorphological surfaces of different age and origin in granite landscape: An evaluation of the Schmidt hammer test. Google Scholar CrossRef Evans DJA, Archer S, Wilson D A comparison of the lichenometric and Schmidt hammer dating techniques based on data from the proglacial areas of some Icelandic glaciers.
Quaternary Science Reviews Google Scholar Fabiani E Morphologische Studien in den südlichen Niederen Tauern mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Spätglazials. Arbeiten Geographisches Institut der Universität Graz Google Scholar Frauenfelder R, Laustela M, Kääb A Relative dating of Alpine rockglacier surfaces. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie Google Scholar Goudie AS The Schmidt-Hammer in geomorphological research. Progress in Physical Geography 30 6: Google Scholar Link Gruber S, Hoelzle M The cooling effect of coarse blocks revisited: A modeling study of a purely conductive mechanism.
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Permafrost, Fairbanks 3: Mitteilungen der Versuchsanstalt für Wasserbau, Hydrologie und Glaziologie Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Permafrost, Zurich, Switzerland, July 21—22, pp. Google Scholar Ivy-Ochs S, Kerschner H, Maisch M,. Google Scholar CrossRef Ivy-Ochs S, Kerschner H, Reuther A,. Google Scholar CrossRef Kääb A Remote Sensing of Mountain Glaciers and Permafrost Creep.
Physical Geography Series, 48, University of Zurich. Google Scholar Kaufmann V, Ladstädter R, Kienast G 10 years of monitoring of the Doesen rock glacier Ankogel group, Austria — A review of the research activities for the time period — Proceedings of the Fifth Mountain Cartography Workshop, Bohinj, Slovenia, March 29—April 1, An analogue N-type Schmidt-hammer proceq was used for measuring the surface strength of stable blocks at the rock glacier surface by recording a rebound value R-value of a spring-loaded bolt.
The R-value gives a relative measure of the surface hardness and hence time since exposure to weathering. Mean R-value differences of The differences between the lowest and the highest R-value at the rock glaciers itself were The differences in R-values between the talus slopes and the uppermost Schmidt-hammer site at the rock glacier were No high-quality age control points are available at the studied rock glacier. Therefore, an age-calibration curve cannot be established. An age-calibration curve for gneiss has been established previously for a rock glacier c.
This allows the estimate that the rock glacier formation period in the study area stretched over a period of several ka. Not unlikely, the formation of the rock glaciers was initiated already during the Gschnitz stadial Heinrich 1 ice rafting event dated to